Bed Sore, otherwise known as Decubitus ulcer is a simple wound on the skin which needs to be treated if left unattended. This ulcer may happen because the patient remains in one position on the bed for hours due to declining years or disability to move. There are different stages of pressure ulcer, which signifies the stage that demands a specialist treatment. The first stage is when the skin colour is changed and the skin itself is not cracked. The second stage is where a wound appears and the tissue surrounding the wound start to degenerate resulting in the death of tissues. But, the wound is not deep. The third stage is when the wound is deep and more often, pus oozes out. The final stage is when the wound goes deeper and the muscles and bones under it are damaged.
What are the treatments for bedsore?
There are various types of treatments according to the gravity of the situation. The best way to heal bed sore is to change the positions on the bed. You can even use special, soft mattress to bring the disease under control. You can also cover the wound with a cloth to treat the disease. If the condition is worse, a surgery would succour the patient to limp to normalcy.
Advice regarding resting positions
The treatment for this kind of pressure sores can be given by a special team called a multidisciplinary team consisting of a nurse, social worker, physiotherapist, occupational therapists and surgical experts. This team not only assess the risk but also advise them regarding the position of their body while at rest, how frequently they have to change their position Etc.
Advice regarding the mattresses, patients have to use:
Patients who are in the first and second stage of bedsore can use a special foam mattress to get some relief out of this kind of pain. Those who have a third or fourth stage bed sore have to use the highly sophisticated mattress.
The sterile pads or dressings are also used by this team to help you recover soon. This will cover the wound protecting it from further pressure given by the patient in sitting or resting position. It will accelerate the recovery process. There are, generally, two kinds of dressings. Hydro celluloid dressings and alginate dressings. In Hydro celluloid dressings, wounds will be covered with a gel which helps the wound to heal. Alginate healings are made out of the weeds that help the patient to recover soon.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics may be used by the patients to alleviate the gravity of wound in the affected area. Antiseptic creams can also be used in certain cases.
Maggot therapy: Maggots are the young ones or larvae of flies that feed only on the dead tissues. This is one of the best ways to get rid of a pressure sore.
Surgery: Bedsore patients can, ultimately, find solace in surgery if all the ways to treat a bed sore are exhausted. Here, what a surgeon does is a closure of the two ends of a wound after cleaning it or cutting some flesh from some other parts to implant it on the place of a wound. This will help to better the condition of the patient. Only a surgery can help to recover from a pressure sore if the wound is in the third or fourth stage.
For information on compensation claims for bed sores, visit Win Wales.